DUI/DWI Terms and definitions

These are terms and definitions used through out the United States with regards to DUI/DWI incident.

Blood Alcohol level

Law that makes it illegal to operate any automobile at or over a .08 percent Blood Alcohol Concentration.

Administrative License Revocation

Administrative license revocation (ALR) or suspension is the removal of a DUI/DWI offender’s license during the time of the DUI arrest when the arrestee either fails or refuses to submit to a breathalyzer test.

Dram Shop

This law allows for the liability of establishments arising from the sale of any alcohol to any person who is obviously intoxicated or to any minors who end up causing the death or injury to any third-parties resulting from an alcohol-related crashes.

Child Endangerment

This statute permits for additional penalties to be added to the base penalties for a driving under the influence conviction where a child passenger was in the vehicle.

Felony DUI

This Law makes DUI or DWI a felony offense depending on the amount of prior convictions an offender has on their record.

Increased Penalties for Test Refusal

This statute increases the penalties an offender will face for refusing to take a breath test, more strict compared to those penalties for an individual who takes and fails a breath test.

Ignition Interlocks

This statute allows for any judge or administrative agency to order a convicted DUI offender to operate a motor vehicle equipped with an ignition interlock device for a period of time after a conviction for drunk driving.

Interlocks for First Time DUI Offenders

Statutes which require or highly incentivize the use of Interlocks for all first-time convicted DUI offenders

Mandatory Alcohol Evaluation and Education Program

This law makes it mandatory for all offenders who committed a DUI/DWI offense to undergo an evaluation for alcohol abuse problems and take part in a state required treatment program.

Mandatory Blood Alcohol Content Test for Drivers Who have Killed in an Accident

This law makes it mandatory for all drivers who have been killed in motor vehicle crashes to undergo a BAC test.

Mandatory BAC Testing for all Drivers who Survived a Crash

A BAC test is mandatory for all drivers involved in an accident where individuals are seriously injured during the crashes and survive.

Primary Seat Belt Law

Statutes which allow for police officers to issue a fine or citation on the grounds of a vehicle occupant not wearing a seat belt while the vehicle is in operation

Sobriety Checkpoints

A sobriety checkpoint is an DUI enforcement program which allows officers to stop any predetermined vehicles to test the driver of the vehicle for sobriety.

Social Host

Social host laws permit adults to be held accountable for furnishing alcohol to individuals under the age of 21 years old

Vehicular Homicide

This statute allows for penalties to generally be brought against any person driving under the influence who kills another person through the operation of any motorized vehicle, either intentionally or negligently.

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